Unemployment Drops to 8.3 Percent According to Latest Report

 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2012

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 243,000 in January, and the
unemployment rate decreased to 8.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Job growth was widespread in the private
sector, with large employment gains in professional and business
services, leisure and hospitality, and manufacturing. Government
employment changed little over the month.

   ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
  |                                                                 |
  |            Changes to The Employment Situation Data             |
  |                                                                 |
  |Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the   |
  |annual benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal         |
  |adjustment factors. Also, household survey data for January 2012 |
  |reflect updated population estimates. See the notes at the end of|
  |the news release for more information about these changes.       |
  |                                                                 |
   ----------------------------------------------------------------- 

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point in January to
8.3 percent; the rate has fallen by 0.8 point since August. (See table
A-1.) The number of unemployed persons declined to 12.8 million in
January. (See the note and tables B and C for information about annual
population adjustments to the household survey estimates.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men
(7.7 percent) and blacks (13.6 percent) declined in January. The
unemployment rates for adult women (7.7 percent), teenagers (23.2
percent), whites (7.4 percent), and Hispanics (10.5 percent) were
little changed. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.7 percent, not
seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In January, the number of job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs fell to 7.3 million. The number of long-term unemployed
(those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 5.5 million
and accounted for 42.9 percent of the unemployed. (See tables A-11 and
A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population
controls, the employment-population ratio (58.5 percent) rose in
January, while the civilian labor force participation rate held at
63.7 percent. (See table A-1. For additional information about the
effects of the population adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 8.2
million, changed little in January. These individuals were working
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not
seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged
workers in January, little different from a year earlier. (The data
are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force in January had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 243,000 in January. Private-
sector employment grew by 257,000, with the largest employment gains
in professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, and
manufacturing. Government employment was little changed over the
month. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services continued to add jobs in January
(+70,000). About half of the increase occurred in employment services
(+33,000). Job gains also occurred in accounting and bookkeeping
(+13,000) and in architectural and engineering services (+7,000).

Over the month, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by
44,000, primarily in food services and drinking places (+33,000).
Since a recent low in February 2010, food services has added 487,000
jobs.

In January, health care employment continued to grow (+31,000). Within
the industry, hospitals and ambulatory care services each added 13,000
jobs.

Wholesale trade employment increased by 14,000 over the month. Since a
recent employment low in May 2010, wholesale trade has added 144,000
jobs.

Employment in retail trade continued to trend up in January. Job gains
in department stores (+19,000), health and personal care stores
(+7,000), and automobile dealers (+7,000) were partially offset by
losses in clothing and clothing accessory stores (-14,000). Since an
employment trough in December 2009, retail trade has added 390,000
jobs.

In January, employment in information declined by 13,000, including a
loss of 8,000 jobs in the motion picture and sound recording industry.

In the goods-producing sector, manufacturing added 50,000 jobs. Nearly
all of the increase occurred in durable goods manufacturing, with job
growth in fabricated metal products (+11,000), machinery (+11,000),
and motor vehicles and parts (+8,000). Durable goods manufacturing has
added 418,000 jobs over the past 2 years.

Employment in construction increased by 21,000 in January, following a
gain of 31,000 in the previous month. Over the past 2 months,
nonresidential specialty trade contractors added 30,000 jobs.

Mining added 10,000 jobs in January, with most of the gain in support
activities for mining (+8,000). Since a recent low in October 2009,
mining employment has expanded by 172,000.

Government employment changed little in January. Over the past 12
months, the sector has lost 276,000 jobs, with declines in local
government; state government, excluding education; and the U.S. Postal
Service.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was
unchanged in January. The manufacturing workweek increased by 0.3 hour
to 40.9 hours, and factory overtime increased by 0.1 hour to 3.4
hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.8
hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls rose by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $23.29. Over the
past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.9 percent.
In January, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees edged up by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to
$19.62. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was
revised from +100,000 to +157,000, and the change for December was
revised from +200,000 to +203,000. Monthly revisions result from
additional sample reports and the monthly recalculation of seasonal
factors. The annual benchmark process also contributed to these
revisions.

____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 9, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

   ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
  |                                                                 |
  |                 Changes to the Household Survey                 |
  |                                                                 |
  |Effective with the collection of household survey data for       |
  |January 2012, the questions on race and Hispanic or Latino       |
  |ethnicity were modified to incorporate minor wording changes.    |
  |                                                                 |
  |In January 2012, the Census Bureau, which conducts the household |
  |survey, began a year-long process of reorganizing its regional   |
  |office structure; for more information on these changes see      |
  |www.census.gov/newsroom/pdf/General_QAs_FINAL2.pdf. Both the     |
  |Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics will monitor    |
  |survey operations during the transition period. No impact on the |
  |employment and unemployment estimates from the survey is         |
  |anticipated from this organizational change.                     |
  |                                                                 |
   ----------------------------------------------------------------- 

                  Revisions to Establishment Survey Data

  In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data
  released today have been revised to reflect comprehensive counts of
  payroll jobs, or benchmarks. These counts are derived principally from
  unemployment insurance tax records for March 2011. In addition, the
  data were updated to the 2012 North American Industry Classification
  System (NAICS) from the 2007 NAICS. This update resulted in minor
  changes to several detailed industries. The benchmark process resulted
  in revisions to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2010 forward
  and to seasonally adjusted data from January 2007 forward. Some
  historical data predating the normal benchmark revision period also
  were revised due to the implementation of NAICS 2012 and other minor
  changes related to rounding and the recalculation of aggregate series.

  Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally
  adjusted basis for January through December 2011. The revised data for
  April 2011 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of
  change measured by the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as
  updated net business birth/death model adjustments and new seasonal
  adjustment factors. The November and December 2011 data also reflect
  the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the
  November final and December second preliminary estimates. The total
  nonfarm employment level for March 2011 was revised upward by 165,000
  (162,000 on a not seasonally adjusted basis). The previously published
  level for December 2011 was revised upward by 266,000 (231,000 on a
  not seasonally adjusted basis).

  An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions,
  the change to NAICS 2012, and the other technical issues, as well as
  all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, can
  be accessed through the CES homepage at www.bls.gov/ces/. Information
  on the revisions released today also may be obtained by calling (202)
  691-6555.

    Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2011,
    seasonally adjusted                                                    

    (Numbers in thousands)                                                         
    ___________________________________________________________________________________
                   |                                 |                     	       |
                   |              Level              |    Over-the-month change        |
                   |---------------------------------|---------------------------------|
     Year and month|    As    |          |           |    As    |          |           |
                   |previously|    As    | Difference|previously|    As    | Difference|
                   |published |  revised |           |published |  revised |           |
    _______________|__________|__________|___________|__________|__________|___________|
                   |          |          |           |          |          |           |
         2011      |          |          |           |          |          |           |
         	   |          |	         |	     |	        |	   |           |
    January........|  130,328 | 130,456  |   128     |    68    |   110    |    42     |
    February.......|  130,563 | 130,676  |   113     |   235    |   220    |   -15     |
    March..........|  130,757 | 130,922  |   165     |   194    |   246    |    52     |
    April..........|  130,974 | 131,173  |   199     |   217    |   251    |    34     |
    May............|  131,027 | 131,227  |   200     |    53    |    54    |     1     |
    June...........|  131,047 | 131,311  |   264     |    20    |    84    |    64     |
    July...........|  131,174 | 131,407  |   233     |   127    |    96    |   -31     |
    August.........|  131,278 | 131,492  |   214     |   104    |    85    |   -19     |
    September......|  131,488 | 131,694  |   206     |   210    |   202    |    -8     |
    October........|  131,600 | 131,806  |   206     |   112    |   112    |     0     |
    November.......|  131,700 | 131,963  |   263     |   100    |   157    |    57     |
    December (p)...|  131,900 | 132,166  |   266     |   200    |   203    |     3     |
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     p = preliminary.

        Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

  Effective with data for January 2012, updated population estimates
  which reflect the results of Census 2010 have been used in the
  household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are
  developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau
  updates the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions about
  the growth of the population during the decade. The change in
  population reflected in the new estimates results from the
  introduction of the Census 2010 count as the new population base, 
  adjustments for net international migration, updated vital statistics and
  other information, and some methodological changes in the estimation
  process. The vast majority of the population change, however, is due
  to the change in base population from Census 2000 to Census 2010.

  In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official
  household survey estimates for December 2011 and earlier months. To
  show the impact of the population adjustment, however, differences in
  selected December 2011 labor force series based on the old and new
  population estimates are shown in table B.

  The adjustment increased the estimated size of the civilian
  noninstitutional population in December by 1,510,000, the civilian
  labor force by 258,000, employment by 216,000, unemployment by 42,000,
  and persons not in the labor force by 1,252,000. Although the total
  unemployment rate was unaffected, the labor force participation rate
  and the employment-population ratio were each reduced by 0.3
  percentage point. This was because the population increase was
  primarily among persons 55 and older and, to a lesser degree, persons
  16 to 24 years of age. Both these age groups have lower levels of
  labor force participation than the general population.

  Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments
  affect the comparability of household data series over time. Table C
  shows the effect of the introduction of new population estimates on
  the comparison of selected labor force measures between December 2011 and
  January 2012. Additional information on the population adjustments and
  their effect on national labor force estimates is available at
  www.bls.gov/cps/cps12adj.pdf.

  Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2011 estimates by sex, race, and
  Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted                                    

  (Numbers in thousands)                                                      

  _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
                                              |      |     |      |       |  Black |       |           
                                              |      |     |      |       |    or  |       |  Hispanic 
                  Category                    |Total | Men | Women| White | African| Asian | or Latino 
                                              |      |     |      |       |American|       | ethnicity 
                                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
  ____________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________
   					      |	     |	   |	  |	  |	   |	   |
  Civilian noninstitutional population........| 1,510| -116| 1,626| -1,181|     407|  1,161|   1,330
    Civilian labor force......................|   258| -413|   671| -1,385|     166|    731|     781
      Participation rate......................|   -.3|  -.3|   -.2|    -.3|     -.3|    -.2|     -.3
     Employed.................................|   216| -368|   584| -1,266|     165|    676|     675
      Employment-population ratio.............|   -.3|  -.3|   -.2|    -.3|     -.2|    -.2|     -.3
     Unemployed...............................|    42|  -45|    87|   -119|       2|     55|     106
      Unemployment rate.......................|    .0|   .0|    .0|     .0|     -.1|     .1|      .1
    Not in labor force........................| 1,252|  297|   955|    205|     240|    430|     550
  ____________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________

   NOTE:  Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race groups (white,
 black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.
 Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.           

  Table C. December 2011-January 2012 changes in selected labor force        
  measures, with adjustments for population control effects                   

  (Numbers in thousands)                                                      

  ____________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2012    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |  after re-  
                Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect(1) 
  _____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|  1,685    |      1,510 |     175
    Civilian labor force...............|    508    |        258 |     250
      Participation rate...............|    -.3    |        -.3 |      .0
     Employed..........................|    847    |        216 |     631
      Employment-population ratio......|     .0    |        -.3 |      .3
     Unemployed........................|   -339    |         42 |    -381
      Unemployment rate................|    -.2    |         .0 |     -.2
    Not in labor force.................|  1,177    |       1,252|     -75    
  _____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________

    (1) This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
  control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
  adjusted estimates.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Change from:
Dec.
2011-
Jan.
2012
Employment status
Civilian noninstitutional population 238,704 240,441 240,584 242,269
Civilian labor force 153,250 153,937 153,887 154,395
Participation rate 64.2 64.0 64.0 63.7
Employed 139,330 140,614 140,790 141,637
Employment-population ratio 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.5
Unemployed 13,919 13,323 13,097 12,758
Unemployment rate 9.1 8.7 8.5 8.3
Not in labor force 85,454 86,503 86,697 87,874
Unemployment rates
Total, 16 years and over 9.1 8.7 8.5 8.3
Adult men (20 years and over) 8.9 8.3 8.0 7.7
Adult women (20 years and over) 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7
Teenagers (16 to 19 years) 25.4 23.7 23.1 23.2
White 8.1 7.6 7.5 7.4
Black or African American 15.7 15.5 15.8 13.6
Asian (not seasonally adjusted) 6.9 6.5 6.8 6.7
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity 12.0 11.4 11.0 10.5
Total, 25 years and over 7.6 7.3 7.2 7.0
Less than a high school diploma 14.3 13.3 13.8 13.1
High school graduates, no college 9.4 8.8 8.7 8.4
Some college or associate degree 8.1 7.6 7.7 7.2
Bachelor’s degree and higher 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.2
Reason for unemployment
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs 8,463 7,599 7,602 7,321
Job leavers 914 1,005 953 939
Reentrants 3,351 3,355 3,399 3,325
New entrants 1,337 1,276 1,280 1,253
Duration of unemployment
Less than 5 weeks 2,659 2,510 2,669 2,486
5 to 14 weeks 3,012 2,896 2,858 2,884
15 to 26 weeks 2,253 2,087 2,039 1,980
27 weeks and over 6,205 5,680 5,588 5,518
Employed persons at work part time
Part time for economic reasons 8,449 8,469 8,098 8,230
Slack work or business conditions 5,772 5,578 5,305 5,372
Could only find part-time work 2,472 2,496 2,419 2,551
Part time for noneconomic reasons 17,923 18,363 18,372 18,636
Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)
Marginally attached to the labor force 2,800 2,591 2,540 2,809
Discouraged workers 993 1,096 945 1,059
– December – January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)
Total nonfarm 110 157 203 243
Total private 119 178 220 257
Goods-producing 36 8 71 81
Mining and logging 5 4 8 10
Construction -21 1 31 21
Manufacturing 52 3 32 50
Durable goods(1) 55 14 33 44
Motor vehicles and parts 16.0 1.4 8.2 7.9
Nondurable goods -3 -11 -1 6
Private service-providing(1) 83 170 149 176
Wholesale trade 10.0 6.9 14.8 14.0
Retail trade 36.9 33.8 6.2 10.5
Transportation and warehousing 1.1 9.9 6.7 13.1
Information -9 -2 1 -13
Financial activities -3 11 4 -5
Professional and business services(1) 46 39 63 70
Temporary help services 16.1 19.7 8.3 20.1
Education and health services(1) 18 20 28 36
Health care and social assistance 4.6 6.2 22.0 29.7
Leisure and hospitality -8 42 19 44
Other services -7 8 5 7
Government -9 -21 -17 -14
WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES
Total nonfarm women employees 49.6 49.4 49.3 49.3
Total private women employees 48.1 47.9 47.8 47.8
Total private production and nonsupervisory employees 82.4 82.5 82.5 82.6
HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours 34.3 34.4 34.5 34.5
Average hourly earnings $22.86 $23.23 $23.25 $23.29
Average weekly earnings $784.10 $799.11 $802.13 $803.51
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3) 93.0 94.8 95.3 95.5
Over-the-month percent change 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.2
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4) 101.4 105.0 105.6 106.0
Over-the-month percent change 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.4
HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
Total private
Average weekly hours 33.4 33.7 33.7 33.8
Average hourly earnings $19.33 $19.58 $19.60 $19.62
Average weekly earnings $645.62 $659.85 $660.52 $663.16
Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3) 99.5 102.2 102.4 103.0
Over-the-month percent change -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6
Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4) 128.5 133.7 134.1 135.0
Over-the-month percent change 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.7
DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)
Total private (266 industries) 61.8 55.6 62.4 64.1
Manufacturing (81 industries) 70.4 48.1 64.2 69.1
Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.

In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.

 

Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
TOTAL
Civilian noninstitutional population 238,704 240,584 242,269 238,704 240,071 240,269 240,441 240,584 242,269
Civilian labor force 152,536 153,373 153,485 153,250 154,004 154,057 153,937 153,887 154,395
Participation rate 63.9 63.8 63.4 64.2 64.1 64.1 64.0 64.0 63.7
Employed 137,599 140,681 139,944 139,330 140,107 140,297 140,614 140,790 141,637
Employment-population ratio 57.6 58.5 57.8 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.5
Unemployed 14,937 12,692 13,541 13,919 13,897 13,759 13,323 13,097 12,758
Unemployment rate 9.8 8.3 8.8 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3
Not in labor force 86,168 87,212 88,784 85,454 86,067 86,213 86,503 86,697 87,874
Persons who currently want a job 6,643 6,135 6,495 6,412 6,240 6,407 6,595 6,385 6,319
Men, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 115,828 116,832 116,808 115,828 116,559 116,664 116,755 116,832 116,808
Civilian labor force 81,103 82,019 81,298 81,604 82,142 82,199 82,341 82,373 82,070
Participation rate 70.0 70.2 69.6 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.3
Employed 72,307 74,837 73,772 73,785 74,435 74,492 74,975 75,235 75,288
Employment-population ratio 62.4 64.1 63.2 63.7 63.9 63.9 64.2 64.4 64.5
Unemployed 8,796 7,181 7,526 7,819 7,707 7,707 7,366 7,138 6,781
Unemployment rate 10.8 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3
Not in labor force 34,725 34,813 35,510 34,224 34,417 34,465 34,414 34,459 34,739
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 107,203 108,290 108,087 107,203 107,994 108,104 108,203 108,290 108,087
Civilian labor force 78,346 79,288 78,710 78,594 79,241 79,291 79,440 79,436 79,234
Participation rate 73.1 73.2 72.8 73.3 73.4 73.3 73.4 73.4 73.3
Employed 70,360 72,812 71,892 71,593 72,340 72,379 72,846 73,080 73,170
Employment-population ratio 65.6 67.2 66.5 66.8 67.0 67.0 67.3 67.5 67.7
Unemployed 7,986 6,477 6,818 7,001 6,901 6,912 6,594 6,356 6,064
Unemployment rate 10.2 8.2 8.7 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7
Not in labor force 28,857 29,001 29,377 28,609 28,753 28,813 28,763 28,854 28,853
Women, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 122,876 123,753 125,461 122,876 123,512 123,605 123,686 123,753 125,461
Civilian labor force 71,433 71,354 72,187 71,646 71,862 71,858 71,596 71,514 72,326
Participation rate 58.1 57.7 57.5 58.3 58.2 58.1 57.9 57.8 57.6
Employed 65,292 65,843 66,172 65,546 65,672 65,805 65,639 65,555 66,349
Employment-population ratio 53.1 53.2 52.7 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.1 53.0 52.9
Unemployed 6,141 5,511 6,015 6,100 6,190 6,052 5,957 5,959 5,977
Unemployment rate 8.6 7.7 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3
Not in labor force 51,443 52,398 53,274 51,230 51,650 51,748 52,090 52,238 53,135
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 114,637 115,602 117,082 114,637 115,338 115,437 115,526 115,602 117,082
Civilian labor force 68,842 68,746 69,513 68,843 68,989 68,981 68,711 68,748 69,449
Participation rate 60.1 59.5 59.4 60.1 59.8 59.8 59.5 59.5 59.3
Employed 63,300 63,676 64,062 63,403 63,406 63,520 63,352 63,323 64,078
Employment-population ratio 55.2 55.1 54.7 55.3 55.0 55.0 54.8 54.8 54.7
Unemployed 5,542 5,070 5,451 5,440 5,584 5,461 5,359 5,425 5,370
Unemployment rate 8.1 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7
Not in labor force 45,795 46,856 47,569 45,794 46,349 46,457 46,815 46,854 47,634
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population 16,863 16,693 17,100 16,863 16,739 16,728 16,711 16,693 17,100
Civilian labor force 5,348 5,339 5,262 5,813 5,774 5,785 5,786 5,704 5,713
Participation rate 31.7 32.0 30.8 34.5 34.5 34.6 34.6 34.2 33.4
Employed 3,939 4,193 3,990 4,334 4,362 4,398 4,416 4,387 4,389
Employment-population ratio 23.4 25.1 23.3 25.7 26.1 26.3 26.4 26.3 25.7
Unemployed 1,409 1,146 1,272 1,479 1,412 1,386 1,370 1,316 1,324
Unemployment rate 26.3 21.5 24.2 25.4 24.5 24.0 23.7 23.1 23.2
Not in labor force 11,516 11,354 11,837 11,050 10,965 10,943 10,925 10,989 11,387
Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
WHITE
Civilian noninstitutional population 192,516 193,682 192,600 192,516 193,365 193,493 193,598 193,682 192,600
Civilian labor force 123,696 124,114 122,750 124,292 124,701 124,804 124,652 124,543 123,579
Participation rate 64.3 64.1 63.7 64.6 64.5 64.5 64.4 64.3 64.2
Employed 112,754 115,117 112,876 114,263 114,818 114,837 115,130 115,254 114,458
Employment-population ratio 58.6 59.4 58.6 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.5 59.5 59.4
Unemployed 10,942 8,998 9,874 10,029 9,883 9,967 9,522 9,288 9,121
Unemployment rate 8.8 7.2 8.0 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.4
Not in labor force 68,820 69,567 69,850 68,225 68,664 68,689 68,945 69,139 69,021
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force 64,551 65,248 64,081 64,764 65,280 65,318 65,366 65,373 64,495
Participation rate 73.5 73.7 73.3 73.7 73.9 73.9 73.9 73.8 73.8
Employed 58,584 60,484 58,966 59,626 60,283 60,195 60,605 60,751 60,059
Employment-population ratio 66.7 68.3 67.5 67.9 68.2 68.1 68.5 68.6 68.7
Unemployed 5,968 4,764 5,115 5,138 4,998 5,123 4,761 4,623 4,436
Unemployment rate 9.2 7.3 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.8 7.3 7.1 6.9
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force 54,728 54,516 54,422 54,713 54,691 54,685 54,520 54,481 54,434
Participation rate 59.6 59.0 58.9 59.6 59.3 59.3 59.1 59.0 58.9
Employed 50,791 51,080 50,602 50,909 50,807 50,880 50,774 50,768 50,729
Employment-population ratio 55.3 55.3 54.7 55.5 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.0 54.9
Unemployed 3,937 3,435 3,820 3,804 3,884 3,805 3,746 3,713 3,705
Unemployment rate 7.2 6.3 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.8
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force 4,417 4,350 4,247 4,815 4,730 4,801 4,766 4,688 4,650
Participation rate 34.3 34.1 33.3 37.4 37.0 37.6 37.3 36.8 36.5
Employed 3,380 3,552 3,308 3,728 3,728 3,761 3,751 3,736 3,670
Employment-population ratio 26.2 27.8 26.0 28.9 29.1 29.4 29.4 29.3 28.8
Unemployed 1,037 798 938 1,087 1,002 1,040 1,015 952 980
Unemployment rate 23.5 18.3 22.1 22.6 21.2 21.7 21.3 20.3 21.1
BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN
Civilian noninstitutional population 28,947 29,286 29,727 28,947 29,193 29,228 29,259 29,286 29,727
Civilian labor force 17,757 18,024 18,074 17,830 18,096 18,067 17,934 18,110 18,206
Participation rate 61.3 61.5 60.8 61.6 62.0 61.8 61.3 61.8 61.2
Employed 14,819 15,285 15,512 15,025 15,224 15,351 15,151 15,248 15,725
Employment-population ratio 51.2 52.2 52.2 51.9 52.1 52.5 51.8 52.1 52.9
Unemployed 2,938 2,739 2,561 2,804 2,872 2,716 2,783 2,862 2,482
Unemployment rate 16.5 15.2 14.2 15.7 15.9 15.0 15.5 15.8 13.6
Not in labor force 11,190 11,262 11,653 11,117 11,097 11,161 11,325 11,176 11,521
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force 8,070 8,264 8,238 8,045 8,151 8,180 8,195 8,272 8,256
Participation rate 68.5 69.0 68.2 68.3 68.3 68.5 68.5 69.0 68.4
Employed 6,589 7,006 7,083 6,706 6,796 6,867 6,851 6,969 7,205
Employment-population ratio 55.9 58.5 58.7 56.9 57.0 57.5 57.3 58.2 59.7
Unemployed 1,481 1,258 1,155 1,339 1,355 1,313 1,344 1,302 1,052
Unemployment rate 18.4 15.2 14.0 16.6 16.6 16.0 16.4 15.7 12.7
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force 9,086 9,113 9,230 9,124 9,277 9,262 9,095 9,160 9,287
Participation rate 62.5 61.8 61.7 62.7 63.2 63.0 61.8 62.2 62.0
Employed 7,911 7,886 8,068 7,955 8,051 8,093 7,911 7,885 8,113
Employment-population ratio 54.4 53.5 53.9 54.7 54.8 55.0 53.7 53.5 54.2
Unemployed 1,175 1,227 1,162 1,169 1,226 1,169 1,184 1,275 1,174
Unemployment rate 12.9 13.5 12.6 12.8 13.2 12.6 13.0 13.9 12.6
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force 601 647 605 661 667 625 643 679 663
Participation rate 22.9 25.3 22.5 25.2 25.8 24.3 25.0 26.5 24.7
Employed 319 394 361 365 377 390 388 393 407
Employment-population ratio 12.2 15.4 13.4 13.9 14.6 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.2
Unemployed 282 254 244 296 291 234 255 286 255
Unemployment rate 46.9 39.2 40.3 44.8 43.6 37.5 39.6 42.1 38.5
ASIAN
Civilian noninstitutional population 11,351 11,580 12,735
Civilian labor force 7,354 7,505 8,158
Participation rate 64.8 64.8 64.1
Employed 6,846 6,991 7,608
Employment-population ratio 60.3 60.4 59.7
Unemployed 509 514 549
Unemployment rate 6.9 6.8 6.7
Not in labor force 3,997 4,075 4,577
Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
– Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY
Civilian noninstitutional population 34,001 34,885 36,301 34,001 34,640 34,724 34,808 34,885 36,301
Civilian labor force 22,714 23,309 23,949 22,787 23,014 23,253 23,222 23,270 24,045
Participation rate 66.8 66.8 66.0 67.0 66.4 67.0 66.7 66.7 66.2
Employed 19,711 20,731 21,187 20,058 20,411 20,601 20,574 20,699 21,513
Employment-population ratio 58.0 59.4 58.4 59.0 58.9 59.3 59.1 59.3 59.3
Unemployed 3,003 2,579 2,762 2,729 2,603 2,652 2,648 2,571 2,532
Unemployment rate 13.2 11.1 11.5 12.0 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.0 10.5
Not in labor force 11,287 11,575 12,352 11,213 11,626 11,471 11,586 11,615 12,256
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force 12,865 13,256 13,252
Participation rate 81.8 82.0 81.2
Employed 11,196 11,868 11,832
Employment-population ratio 71.2 73.4 72.5
Unemployed 1,669 1,387 1,421
Unemployment rate 13.0 10.5 10.7
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force 8,892 9,082 9,703
Participation rate 59.7 59.4 59.4
Employed 7,873 8,146 8,609
Employment-population ratio 52.9 53.3 52.7
Unemployed 1,019 936 1,094
Unemployment rate 11.5 10.3 11.3
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force 957 972 994
Participation rate 28.3 28.3 27.2
Employed 642 716 746
Employment-population ratio 19.0 20.9 20.4
Unemployed 315 256 248
Unemployment rate 32.9 26.3 24.9
Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.
– Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Less than a high school diploma
Civilian labor force 11,437 11,723 11,374 11,392 11,746 11,760 11,713 11,688 11,469
Participation rate 45.3 46.8 45.3 45.1 46.5 47.4 47.0 46.7 45.6
Employed 9,545 10,043 9,669 9,761 10,108 10,141 10,161 10,080 9,968
Employment-population ratio 37.8 40.1 38.5 38.6 40.0 40.8 40.8 40.3 39.7
Unemployed 1,892 1,680 1,705 1,631 1,638 1,619 1,552 1,608 1,501
Unemployment rate 16.5 14.3 15.0 14.3 13.9 13.8 13.3 13.8 13.1
High school graduates, no college(1)
Civilian labor force 37,747 37,114 37,002 37,495 37,290 37,368 37,089 36,902 36,850
Participation rate 60.7 60.1 59.8 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.3 59.8 59.6
Employed 33,724 33,876 33,494 33,958 33,711 33,828 33,807 33,684 33,737
Employment-population ratio 54.2 54.9 54.2 54.6 54.7 54.8 54.9 54.5 54.6
Unemployed 4,023 3,237 3,508 3,537 3,579 3,540 3,282 3,218 3,113
Unemployment rate 10.7 8.7 9.5 9.4 9.6 9.5 8.8 8.7 8.4
Some college or associate degree
Civilian labor force 36,701 37,040 37,240 36,796 37,070 36,984 36,816 37,024 37,214
Participation rate 70.0 69.1 69.3 70.2 69.3 69.2 68.5 69.1 69.2
Employed 33,591 34,299 34,435 33,827 33,963 33,941 34,009 34,167 34,525
Employment-population ratio 64.0 64.0 64.0 64.5 63.5 63.5 63.3 63.7 64.2
Unemployed 3,109 2,740 2,804 2,969 3,106 3,043 2,807 2,857 2,689
Unemployment rate 8.5 7.4 7.5 8.1 8.4 8.2 7.6 7.7 7.2
Bachelor’s degree and higher(2)
Civilian labor force 46,288 47,102 47,510 46,296 46,923 47,006 47,117 47,131 47,481
Participation rate 76.4 76.0 75.7 76.4 76.3 75.8 75.9 76.0 75.6
Employed 44,226 45,228 45,402 44,344 44,936 44,960 45,058 45,201 45,492
Employment-population ratio 73.0 73.0 72.3 73.2 73.0 72.5 72.6 72.9 72.4
Unemployed 2,062 1,873 2,108 1,952 1,986 2,046 2,059 1,930 1,989
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.2
Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor’s, master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
VETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 21,797 21,347 20,003 19,538 1,794 1,809
Civilian labor force 11,429 10,914 10,228 9,784 1,201 1,131
Participation rate 52.4 51.1 51.1 50.1 66.9 62.5
Employed 10,294 10,100 9,206 9,076 1,088 1,024
Employment-population ratio 47.2 47.3 46.0 46.5 60.7 56.6
Unemployed 1,135 815 1,022 708 112 107
Unemployment rate 9.9 7.5 10.0 7.2 9.4 9.4
Not in labor force 10,368 10,433 9,775 9,754 593 678
Gulf War-era II veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population 2,285 2,436 1,896 2,033 389 403
Civilian labor force 1,835 1,955 1,550 1,665 286 290
Participation rate 80.3 80.2 81.7 81.9 73.4 72.0
Employed 1,557 1,777 1,310 1,537 247 240
Employment-population ratio 68.1 72.9 69.1 75.6 63.5 59.6
Unemployed 278 178 240 128 39 50
Unemployment rate 15.2 9.1 15.5 7.7 13.5 17.3
Not in labor force 450 481 346 369 103 113
Gulf War-era I veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population 2,915 3,048 2,447 2,540 468 509
Civilian labor force 2,479 2,550 2,095 2,158 384 391
Participation rate 85.0 83.6 85.6 85.0 82.0 76.9
Employed 2,287 2,386 1,924 2,031 363 355
Employment-population ratio 78.4 78.3 78.6 80.0 77.6 69.8
Unemployed 192 164 171 128 21 36
Unemployment rate 7.7 6.4 8.2 5.9 5.4 9.2
Not in labor force 437 498 352 381 84 117
World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans
Civilian noninstitutional population 10,726 10,079 10,380 9,759 346 319
Civilian labor force 3,796 3,156 3,664 3,053 132 103
Participation rate 35.4 31.3 35.3 31.3 38.2 32.3
Employed 3,433 2,928 3,314 2,828 119 100
Employment-population ratio 32.0 29.0 31.9 29.0 34.4 31.2
Unemployed 364 229 351 225 13 4
Unemployment rate 9.6 7.2 9.6 7.4 9.8 3.4
Not in labor force 6,930 6,922 6,716 6,706 214 216
Veterans of other service periods
Civilian noninstitutional population 5,870 5,784 5,280 5,206 590 578
Civilian labor force 3,318 3,253 2,919 2,907 399 346
Participation rate 56.5 56.2 55.3 55.9 67.6 59.8
Employed 3,017 3,009 2,658 2,680 359 329
Employment-population ratio 51.4 52.0 50.3 51.5 60.8 56.9
Unemployed 301 244 261 227 40 17
Unemployment rate 9.1 7.5 8.9 7.8 10.1 4.8
Not in labor force 2,552 2,531 2,361 2,298 191 233
NONVETERANS, 18 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 207,979 212,092 91,225 92,726 116,755 119,365
Civilian labor force 139,440 140,958 70,029 70,742 69,411 70,217
Participation rate 67.0 66.5 76.8 76.3 59.5 58.8
Employed 126,079 128,685 62,493 64,173 63,586 64,512
Employment-population ratio 60.6 60.7 68.5 69.2 54.5 54.0
Unemployed 13,361 12,274 7,536 6,569 5,825 5,705
Unemployment rate 9.6 8.7 10.8 9.3 8.4 8.1
Not in labor force 68,539 71,133 21,196 21,985 47,344 49,149
NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
TOTAL, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 26,885 27,482 211,819 214,788
Civilian labor force 5,406 5,502 147,130 147,983
Participation rate 20.1 20.0 69.5 68.9
Employed 4,669 4,792 132,930 135,152
Employment-population ratio 17.4 17.4 62.8 62.9
Unemployed 737 710 14,201 12,831
Unemployment rate 13.6 12.9 9.7 8.7
Not in labor force 21,479 21,979 64,689 66,805
Men, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force 2,457 2,479 74,840 74,694
Participation rate 33.8 33.7 82.0 81.7
Employed 2,106 2,103 66,669 67,803
Employment-population ratio 29.0 28.6 73.0 74.2
Unemployed 351 376 8,171 6,891
Unemployment rate 14.3 15.2 10.9 9.2
Not in labor force 4,805 4,875 16,448 16,729
Women, 16 to 64 years
Civilian labor force 2,178 2,189 66,162 66,727
Participation rate 29.4 28.6 70.9 70.4
Employed 1,839 1,903 60,565 61,198
Employment-population ratio 24.8 24.9 64.9 64.6
Unemployed 339 285 5,597 5,529
Unemployment rate 15.6 13.0 8.5 8.3
Not in labor force 5,233 5,468 27,198 28,023
Both sexes, 65 years and over
Civilian labor force 771 834 6,128 6,562
Participation rate 6.3 6.7 22.6 22.9
Employed 724 785 5,696 6,151
Employment-population ratio 5.9 6.3 21.0 21.5
Unemployed 47 49 432 411
Unemployment rate 6.1 5.8 7.1 6.3
Not in labor force 11,441 11,636 21,042 22,052
NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Foreign born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 36,294 37,593 17,884 18,289 18,410 19,305
Civilian labor force 24,517 25,156 14,256 14,418 10,261 10,738
Participation rate 67.6 66.9 79.7 78.8 55.7 55.6
Employed 21,928 22,803 12,677 13,069 9,251 9,734
Employment-population ratio 60.4 60.7 70.9 71.5 50.3 50.4
Unemployed 2,589 2,353 1,579 1,350 1,010 1,003
Unemployment rate 10.6 9.4 11.1 9.4 9.8 9.3
Not in labor force 11,777 12,437 3,628 3,871 8,148 8,567
Native born, 16 years and over
Civilian noninstitutional population 202,410 204,676 97,944 98,519 104,466 106,157
Civilian labor force 128,019 128,329 66,847 66,880 61,172 61,450
Participation rate 63.2 62.7 68.3 67.9 58.6 57.9
Employed 115,671 117,141 59,630 60,703 56,041 56,438
Employment-population ratio 57.1 57.2 60.9 61.6 53.6 53.2
Unemployed 12,348 11,188 7,217 6,176 5,131 5,012
Unemployment rate 9.6 8.7 10.8 9.2 8.4 8.2
Not in labor force 74,391 76,347 31,097 31,640 43,294 44,707
NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[In thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
CLASS OF WORKER
Agriculture and related industries 2,100 2,196 2,042 2,252 2,268 2,257 2,262 2,349 2,208
Wage and salary workers(1) 1,263 1,358 1,259 1,378 1,379 1,317 1,359 1,429 1,376
Self-employed workers, unincorporated 819 823 765 846 843 864 849 874 800
Unpaid family workers 18 15 18
Nonagricultural industries 135,499 138,485 137,902 137,156 137,932 138,167 138,304 138,411 139,491
Wage and salary workers(1) 126,882 129,966 129,299 128,197 129,595 129,531 129,604 129,662 130,569
Government 20,626 20,652 20,519 20,719 20,568 20,516 20,434 20,616 20,583
Private industries 106,255 109,314 108,780 107,485 108,774 108,977 109,159 109,064 109,966
Private households 610 640 569
Other industries 105,645 108,674 108,211 106,845 108,026 108,177 108,485 108,407 109,353
Self-employed workers, unincorporated 8,526 8,428 8,491 8,818 8,336 8,553 8,628 8,587 8,769
Unpaid family workers 91 91 112
PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)
All industries
Part time for economic reasons(3) 9,187 8,428 8,918 8,449 9,270 8,790 8,469 8,098 8,230
Slack work or business conditions 6,513 5,650 6,025 5,772 5,900 5,839 5,578 5,305 5,372
Could only find part-time work 2,373 2,408 2,479 2,472 2,844 2,538 2,496 2,419 2,551
Part time for noneconomic reasons(4) 18,048 19,048 18,958 17,923 18,329 18,401 18,363 18,372 18,636
Nonagricultural industries
Part time for economic reasons(3) 9,027 8,259 8,747 8,315 9,115 8,664 8,358 7,952 8,083
Slack work or business conditions 6,415 5,534 5,922 5,685 5,803 5,762 5,502 5,199 5,278
Could only find part-time work 2,358 2,381 2,464 2,488 2,869 2,566 2,518 2,423 2,563
Part time for noneconomic reasons(4) 17,675 18,641 18,596 17,588 17,915 18,003 17,941 17,969 18,298
Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.
– Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over 137,599 140,681 139,944 139,330 140,107 140,297 140,614 140,790 141,637
16 to 19 years 3,939 4,193 3,990 4,334 4,362 4,398 4,416 4,387 4,389
16 to 17 years 1,225 1,247 1,160 1,400 1,417 1,436 1,413 1,304 1,333
18 to 19 years 2,713 2,946 2,830 2,946 2,952 2,970 2,995 3,060 3,064
20 years and over 133,660 136,488 135,954 134,996 135,745 135,899 136,198 136,403 137,248
20 to 24 years 12,573 13,041 12,953 12,977 13,090 13,346 13,200 13,195 13,335
25 years and over 121,087 123,447 123,000 122,067 122,659 122,521 122,973 123,234 123,901
25 to 54 years 92,980 94,069 93,271 93,761 93,506 93,356 93,708 93,882 93,991
25 to 34 years 30,065 30,800 29,995 30,443 30,607 30,562 30,743 30,771 30,367
35 to 44 years 30,107 30,350 30,394 30,375 30,092 30,094 30,222 30,271 30,614
45 to 54 years 32,807 32,919 32,883 32,942 32,807 32,700 32,743 32,841 33,009
55 years and over 28,106 29,378 29,729 28,307 29,152 29,165 29,264 29,352 29,910
Men, 16 years and over 72,307 74,837 73,772 73,785 74,435 74,492 74,975 75,235 75,288
16 to 19 years 1,947 2,026 1,880 2,192 2,095 2,113 2,129 2,155 2,118
16 to 17 years 608 576 524 709 672 662 654 635 620
18 to 19 years 1,339 1,450 1,357 1,470 1,425 1,449 1,465 1,501 1,487
20 years and over 70,360 72,812 71,892 71,593 72,340 72,379 72,846 73,080 73,170
20 to 24 years 6,484 6,836 6,685 6,791 6,875 7,081 6,980 6,998 7,003
25 years and over 63,876 65,976 65,207 64,835 65,489 65,331 65,853 66,084 66,169
25 to 54 years 49,251 50,461 49,592 50,022 50,080 49,901 50,368 50,528 50,358
25 to 34 years 16,254 16,877 16,120 16,562 16,712 16,668 16,895 16,885 16,440
35 to 44 years 16,148 16,432 16,357 16,382 16,298 16,240 16,370 16,422 16,573
45 to 54 years 16,849 17,152 17,116 17,078 17,069 16,992 17,102 17,221 17,346
55 years and over 14,625 15,515 15,615 14,813 15,409 15,430 15,485 15,556 15,811
Women, 16 years and over 65,292 65,843 66,172 65,546 65,672 65,805 65,639 65,555 66,349
16 to 19 years 1,992 2,167 2,110 2,142 2,266 2,286 2,287 2,232 2,270
16 to 17 years 617 672 636 691 745 773 759 669 713
18 to 19 years 1,374 1,495 1,474 1,476 1,527 1,521 1,530 1,559 1,577
20 years and over 63,300 63,676 64,062 63,403 63,406 63,520 63,352 63,323 64,078
20 to 24 years 6,090 6,205 6,268 6,186 6,215 6,265 6,220 6,198 6,332
25 years and over 57,210 57,471 57,794 57,233 57,170 57,190 57,119 57,150 57,732
25 to 54 years 43,729 43,608 43,679 43,739 43,427 43,455 43,340 43,354 43,633
25 to 34 years 13,811 13,923 13,875 13,881 13,895 13,894 13,848 13,886 13,928
35 to 44 years 13,959 13,918 14,037 13,993 13,794 13,854 13,852 13,849 14,041
45 to 54 years 15,959 15,767 15,767 15,865 15,737 15,708 15,641 15,620 15,664
55 years and over 13,481 13,863 14,115 13,494 13,743 13,735 13,779 13,796 14,099
MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present 42,492 43,786 43,191 42,931 43,640 43,661 43,933 43,709 43,658
Married women, spouse present 34,615 34,516 34,672 34,461 34,091 34,225 34,442 34,177 34,445
Women who maintain families 8,686 8,807 9,075
FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers(1) 110,373 113,050 111,879 112,284 112,479 112,841 113,212 113,765 113,845
Part-time workers(2) 27,226 27,630 28,065 26,924 27,640 27,463 27,378 27,040 27,739
MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders 6,621 7,030 6,830 6,835 6,970 6,903 7,004 7,013 7,038
Percent of total employed 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
Self-employed workers, incorporated 5,208 5,199 5,191
Self-employed workers, unincorporated 9,345 9,252 9,256 9,663 9,179 9,417 9,478 9,461 9,569
Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
– Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
AGE AND SEX
Total, 16 years and over 13,919 13,097 12,758 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3
16 to 19 years 1,479 1,316 1,324 25.4 24.5 24.0 23.7 23.1 23.2
16 to 17 years 538 501 539 27.8 26.3 25.2 23.3 27.8 28.8
18 to 19 years 937 826 788 24.1 23.2 23.2 23.4 21.3 20.5
20 years and over 12,441 11,781 11,434 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7
20 to 24 years 2,305 2,221 2,050 15.1 14.6 13.9 14.2 14.4 13.3
25 years and over 10,094 9,593 9,353 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.0
25 to 54 years 8,070 7,681 7,492 7.9 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.6 7.4
25 to 34 years 3,110 3,191 3,001 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.2 9.4 9.0
35 to 44 years 2,422 2,220 2,250 7.4 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.8
45 to 54 years 2,538 2,271 2,241 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.4
55 years and over 2,020 1,929 1,867 6.7 6.7 7.0 6.4 6.2 5.9
Men, 16 years and over 7,819 7,138 6,781 9.6 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3
16 to 19 years 818 782 717 27.2 27.8 27.3 26.6 26.6 25.3
16 to 17 years 288 278 291 28.9 27.6 27.4 26.7 30.5 32.0
18 to 19 years 529 504 427 26.4 27.1 27.4 26.7 25.1 22.3
20 years and over 7,001 6,356 6,064 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7
20 to 24 years 1,277 1,262 1,159 15.8 15.7 14.6 15.6 15.3 14.2
25 years and over 5,695 5,112 4,886 8.1 8.0 8.1 7.4 7.2 6.9
25 to 54 years 4,552 4,099 3,887 8.3 8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.2
25 to 34 years 1,792 1,764 1,617 9.8 9.8 10.1 9.2 9.5 9.0
35 to 44 years 1,350 1,179 1,129 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.0 6.7 6.4
45 to 54 years 1,410 1,155 1,141 7.6 7.5 7.5 6.8 6.3 6.2
55 years and over 1,142 1,013 999 7.2 6.9 7.2 6.7 6.1 5.9
Women, 16 years and over 6,100 5,959 5,977 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3
16 to 19 years 661 535 607 23.6 21.1 20.6 20.7 19.3 21.1
16 to 17 years 251 223 249 26.6 25.1 23.2 20.0 25.0 25.8
18 to 19 years 408 322 361 21.7 19.0 18.6 20.1 17.1 18.6
20 years and over 5,440 5,425 5,370 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7
20 to 24 years 1,028 959 891 14.2 13.4 13.1 12.6 13.4 12.3
25 years and over 4,400 4,481 4,467 7.1 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2
25 to 54 years 3,518 3,583 3,604 7.4 7.8 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6
25 to 34 years 1,318 1,427 1,383 8.7 9.5 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.0
35 to 44 years 1,072 1,040 1,121 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.4
45 to 54 years 1,128 1,115 1,100 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.6
55 years and over(1) 906 832 890 6.3 6.6 6.5 5.8 5.7 5.9
MARITAL STATUS
Married men, spouse present 2,699 2,328 2,347 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.1
Married women, spouse present 2,048 1,950 2,033 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6
Women who maintain families(1) 1,268 1,308 1,236 12.7 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.9 12.0
FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS
Full-time workers(2) 12,123 11,286 10,982 9.7 9.8 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.8
Part-time workers(3) 1,794 1,825 1,746 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 6.3 5.9
Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs 9,520 7,691 8,234 8,463 8,028 7,924 7,599 7,602 7,321
On temporary layoff 1,825 1,385 1,892 1,241 1,195 1,226 1,181 1,216 1,284
Not on temporary layoff 7,695 6,306 6,342 7,222 6,833 6,699 6,418 6,386 6,037
Permanent job losers 6,097 5,000 4,948 5,840 5,416 5,308 5,033 5,089 4,807
Persons who completed temporary jobs 1,599 1,306 1,395 1,382 1,417 1,391 1,385 1,296 1,230
Job leavers 935 894 957 914 972 1,068 1,005 953 939
Reentrants 3,332 3,018 3,276 3,351 3,484 3,387 3,355 3,399 3,325
New entrants 1,150 1,090 1,074 1,337 1,323 1,291 1,276 1,280 1,253
PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs 63.7 60.6 60.8 60.2 58.1 58.0 57.4 57.4 57.0
On temporary layoff 12.2 10.9 14.0 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.2 10.0
Not on temporary layoff 51.5 49.7 46.8 51.3 49.5 49.0 48.5 48.3 47.0
Job leavers 6.3 7.0 7.1 6.5 7.0 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.3
Reentrants 22.3 23.8 24.2 23.8 25.2 24.8 25.3 25.7 25.9
New entrants 7.7 8.6 7.9 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.8
UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE
Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs 6.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7
Job leavers 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Reentrants 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
New entrants 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED
Less than 5 weeks 3,181 2,640 2,923 2,659 2,743 2,676 2,510 2,669 2,486
5 to 14 weeks 3,267 2,735 3,106 3,012 2,902 3,285 2,896 2,858 2,884
15 weeks and over 8,489 7,317 7,512 8,458 8,227 7,869 7,766 7,628 7,498
15 to 26 weeks 2,182 1,906 1,915 2,253 2,029 2,029 2,087 2,039 1,980
27 weeks and over 6,307 5,411 5,597 6,205 6,197 5,839 5,680 5,588 5,518
Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1) 35.5 39.7 38.2 37.1 40.4 39.2 40.9 40.8 40.1
Median duration, in weeks 19.9 21.0 19.2 21.7 21.8 20.8 21.5 21.0 21.1
PERCENT DISTRIBUTION
Less than 5 weeks 21.3 20.8 21.6 18.8 19.8 19.4 19.1 20.3 19.3
5 to 14 weeks 21.9 21.5 22.9 21.3 20.9 23.8 22.0 21.7 22.4
15 weeks and over 56.8 57.7 55.5 59.9 59.3 56.9 59.0 58.0 58.3
15 to 26 weeks 14.6 15.0 14.1 15.9 14.6 14.7 15.8 15.5 15.4
27 weeks and over 42.2 42.6 41.3 43.9 44.7 42.2 43.1 42.5 42.9
Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Total, 16 years and over(1) 137,599 139,944 14,937 13,541 9.8 8.8
Management, professional, and related occupations 51,866 53,152 2,557 2,410 4.7 4.3
Management, business, and financial operations occupations 21,139 22,255 1,177 1,044 5.3 4.5
Professional and related occupations 30,727 30,897 1,380 1,366 4.3 4.2
Service occupations 23,819 24,334 2,773 2,876 10.4 10.6
Sales and office occupations 33,497 33,305 3,364 2,972 9.1 8.2
Sales and related occupations 15,268 15,585 1,574 1,398 9.3 8.2
Office and administrative support occupations 18,229 17,721 1,790 1,574 8.9 8.2
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 12,205 12,561 2,623 2,152 17.7 14.6
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations 893 845 233 243 20.7 22.3
Construction and extraction occupations 6,587 6,887 1,960 1,557 22.9 18.4
Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations 4,725 4,828 430 353 8.3 6.8
Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations
16,211 16,592 2,411 2,016 12.9 10.8
Production occupations 8,032 8,274 1,122 959 12.3 10.4
Transportation and material moving occupations 8,180 8,318 1,289 1,057 13.6 11.3
Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Total, 16 years and over(1) 14,937 13,541 9.8 8.8
Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers 11,778 10,736 10.0 9.0
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 66 78 8.5 9.4
Construction 1,879 1,479 22.5 17.7
Manufacturing 1,519 1,283 9.9 8.4
Durable goods 955 796 9.9 8.3
Nondurable goods 564 487 9.9 8.6
Wholesale and retail trade 1,866 1,906 9.1 9.3
Transportation and utilities 498 400 8.8 7.0
Information 228 227 7.3 7.9
Financial activities 647 462 7.2 4.9
Professional and business services 1,511 1,441 10.2 9.5
Education and health services 1,264 1,214 5.8 5.5
Leisure and hospitality 1,788 1,647 13.8 12.6
Other services 513 601 8.8 9.3
Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers 236 259 16.0 17.6
Government workers 1,088 890 5.0 4.2
Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers 685 582 6.8 5.8
Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Percent]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force 5.6 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9
U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force 6.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7
U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate) 9.8 8.3 8.8 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3
U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers 10.4 8.8 9.4 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.9
U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force 11.4 9.8 10.5 10.7 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.9
U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force 17.3 15.2 16.2 16.1 16.4 16.0 15.6 15.2 15.1
NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[Numbers in thousands]

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE
Total not in the labor force 86,168 88,784 34,725 35,510 51,443 53,274
Persons who currently want a job 6,643 6,495 3,237 3,073 3,406 3,422
Marginally attached to the labor force(1) 2,800 2,809 1,454 1,452 1,346 1,356
Discouraged workers(2) 993 1,059 588 638 406 421
Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3) 1,807 1,749 866 814 941 936
MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS
Total multiple jobholders(4) 6,621 6,830 3,178 3,372 3,443 3,459
Percent of total employed 4.8 4.9 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.2
Primary job full time, secondary job part time 3,510 3,441 1,869 1,985 1,641 1,456
Primary and secondary jobs both part time 1,728 1,878 603 603 1,125 1,275
Primary and secondary jobs both full time 182 259 107 124 76 135
Hours vary on primary or secondary job 1,167 1,216 585 650 581 566
Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

[In thousands]

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Change from:
Dec.2011 – Jan.2012(p)
Total nonfarm 128,327 133,172 132,952 130,263 130,456 131,963 132,166 132,409 243
Total private 106,199 110,692 110,614 108,403 108,207 109,959 110,179 110,436 257
Goods-producing 17,291 18,271 18,075 17,726 17,821 18,114 18,185 18,266 81
Mining and logging 721 820 818 812 738 814 822 832 10
Logging 47.5 49.7 48.9 48.9 48.4 48.7 49.1 49.6 0.5
Mining 673.7 769.9 769.0 763.1 689.9 764.9 772.7 782.2 9.5
Oil and gas extraction 162.0 183.2 185.5 184.6 162.9 183.2 185.4 186.1 0.7
Mining, except oil and gas(1) 199.5 221.6 216.4 209.3 210.5 219.1 220.6 221.0 0.4
Coal mining 83.7 87.1 86.9 86.5 83.7 86.9 86.6 86.7 0.1
Support activities for mining 312.2 365.1 367.1 369.2 316.5 362.6 366.7 375.1 8.4
Construction 5,046 5,644 5,441 5,160 5,456 5,520 5,551 5,572 21
Construction of buildings 1,152.8 1,247.5 1,223.9 1,178.4 1,212.3 1,226.9 1,228.4 1,237.3 8.9
Residential building 528.9 577.6 571.2 543.1 561.8 568.5 572.8 575.3 2.5
Nonresidential building 623.9 669.9 652.7 635.3 650.5 658.4 655.6 662.0 6.4
Heavy and civil engineering construction 710.4 867.1 799.6 731.7 818.8 834.2 841.5 840.1 -1.4
Specialty trade contractors 3,183.2 3,529.8 3,417.0 3,250.3 3,424.7 3,458.5 3,480.6 3,494.6 14.0
Residential specialty trade contractors 1,327.8 1,479.2 1,424.7 1,353.4 1,431.8 1,453.4 1,455.1 1,459.4 4.3
Nonresidential specialty trade contractors 1,855.4 2,050.6 1,992.3 1,896.9 1,992.9 2,005.1 2,025.5 2,035.2 9.7
Manufacturing 11,524 11,807 11,816 11,754 11,627 11,780 11,812 11,862 50
Durable goods 7,124 7,344 7,365 7,355 7,174 7,331 7,364 7,408 44
Wood products 332.6 331.7 329.0 327.2 340.3 331.4 331.8 334.9 3.1
Nonmetallic mineral products 348.4 368.9 360.9 350.4 366.5 364.2 366.0 368.3 2.3
Primary metals 372.8 400.1 400.9 401.5 373.5 399.6 400.7 402.4 1.7
Fabricated metal products 1,310.2 1,361.0 1,366.6 1,370.2 1,316.8 1,359.4 1,367.9 1,378.8 10.9
Machinery 1,025.2 1,075.9 1,086.0 1,091.9 1,027.1 1,076.0 1,085.5 1,096.0 10.5
Computer and electronic products(1) 1,099.4 1,108.7 1,110.6 1,104.0 1,100.6 1,107.1 1,107.5 1,105.6 -1.9
Computer and peripheral equipment 156.7 161.8 162.7 162.4 156.8 161.1 162.2 162.4 0.2
Communications equipment 117.8 113.2 112.9 111.5 117.5 113.1 112.5 111.3 -1.2
Semiconductors and electronic components 376.5 387.4 387.0 385.6 376.6 387.0 386.3 386.4 0.1
Electronic instruments 406.1 401.3 402.6 399.4 406.8 401.1 401.5 400.2 -1.3
Electrical equipment and appliances 365.1 367.7 368.0 368.3 365.7 367.3 367.9 368.8 0.9
Transportation equipment(1) 1,352.1 1,408.3 1,421.4 1,423.3 1,355.6 1,405.1 1,415.0 1,425.3 10.3
Motor vehicles and parts(2) 698.7 732.8 743.5 744.9 702.4 730.2 738.4 746.3 7.9
Furniture and related products 348.4 347.9 346.1 344.1 353.8 349.8 348.2 349.7 1.5
Miscellaneous manufacturing 569.5 573.7 575.6 574.1 573.8 571.0 573.3 578.6 5.3
Nondurable goods 4,400 4,463 4,451 4,399 4,453 4,449 4,448 4,454 6
Food manufacturing 1,434.7 1,454.9 1,447.7 1,418.2 1,457.2 1,446.0 1,442.3 1,442.3 0.0
Beverages and tobacco products 175.5 192.4 189.6 187.2 181.4 191.7 192.0 193.3 1.3
Textile mills 118.1 119.1 118.9 119.0 119.4 119.2 119.6 120.3 0.7
Textile product mills 116.0 115.7 114.5 113.1 117.0 115.2 114.4 114.1 -0.3
Apparel 151.6 150.9 148.5 146.5 154.8 151.2 149.7 149.8 0.1
Leather and allied products 27.6 30.4 30.4 30.6 28.0 30.3 30.4 30.9 0.5
Paper and paper products 390.6 392.1 393.6 391.3 390.7 391.4 392.3 391.5 -0.8
Printing and related support activities 473.5 462.6 460.9 457.4 477.6 460.7 459.8 461.5 1.7
Petroleum and coal products 105.0 114.4 111.8 109.8 111.3 113.5 114.3 115.4 1.1
Chemicals 778.3 791.4 796.3 793.2 780.9 791.0 794.0 796.2 2.2
Plastics and rubber products 628.8 638.7 638.3 632.9 634.6 638.6 639.6 638.6 -1.0
Private service-providing 88,908 92,421 92,539 90,677 90,386 91,845 91,994 92,170 176
Trade, transportation, and utilities 24,619 25,591 25,804 25,016 24,821 25,154 25,183 25,220 37
Wholesale trade 5,430.0 5,573.9 5,580.7 5,528.8 5,483.4 5,554.1 5,568.9 5,582.9 14.0
Durable goods 2,709.6 2,767.2 2,774.8 2,757.9 2,729.3 2,761.9 2,771.3 2,778.3 7.0
Nondurable goods 1,902.9 1,960.3 1,957.9 1,929.5 1,930.7 1,948.9 1,952.7 1,957.0 4.3
Electronic markets and agents and brokers 817.5 846.4 848.0 841.4 823.4 843.3 844.9 847.6 2.7
Retail trade 14,443.1 15,083.5 15,225.8 14,633.7 14,550.1 14,724.7 14,730.9 14,741.4 10.5
Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1) 1,633.8 1,704.1 1,698.3 1,682.1 1,664.8 1,705.6 1,708.7 1,713.4 4.7
Automobile dealers 1,024.5 1,068.3 1,067.4 1,065.6 1,037.4 1,069.0 1,071.3 1,078.7 7.4
Furniture and home furnishings stores 444.1 463.1 467.0 452.2 439.5 446.8 446.2 447.7 1.5
Electronics and appliance stores 533.9 539.6 541.7 514.8 530.2 515.8 514.2 511.9 -2.3
Building material and garden supply stores 1,077.1 1,118.2 1,108.1 1,087.1 1,133.2 1,142.8 1,141.2 1,142.6 1.4
Food and beverage stores 2,794.8 2,861.6 2,873.2 2,821.2 2,811.1 2,839.1 2,844.2 2,838.9 -5.3
Health and personal care stores 976.7 996.7 999.9 991.9 976.8 987.0 983.9 991.3 7.4
Gasoline stations 811.2 832.6 827.3 818.3 822.2 833.3 830.9 829.6 -1.3
Clothing and clothing accessories stores 1,349.7 1,469.6 1,523.7 1,368.0 1,350.9 1,375.2 1,381.6 1,368.0 -13.6
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores 591.3 600.4 604.6 562.6 577.6 565.1 556.7 554.2 -2.5
General merchandise stores(1) 3,055.2 3,261.0 3,337.1 3,146.8 3,054.9 3,118.3 3,126.6 3,141.6 15.0
Department stores 1,551.3 1,671.1 1,734.6 1,618.9 1,534.0 1,570.1 1,575.7 1,595.1 19.4
Miscellaneous store retailers 746.5 774.7 778.1 748.7 760.8 760.6 761.2 763.7 2.5
Nonstore retailers 428.8 461.9 466.8 440.0 428.1 435.1 435.5 438.5 3.0
Transportation and warehousing 4,196.3 4,375.9 4,439.5 4,294.8 4,236.3 4,316.7 4,323.4 4,336.5 13.1
Air transportation 450.8 454.7 454.8 451.9 453.2 455.8 455.3 454.3 -1.0
Rail transportation 221.3 232.0 231.4 229.5 222.7 231.2 231.5 231.2 -0.3
Water transportation 61.6 62.2 63.0 64.4 63.3 63.1 63.3 66.0 2.7
Truck transportation 1,244.7 1,324.0 1,316.1 1,296.6 1,271.8 1,311.1 1,318.0 1,323.3 5.3
Transit and ground passenger transportation 446.6 449.0 449.7 447.8 436.4 431.4 434.1 437.4 3.3
Pipeline transportation 42.4 43.3 43.5 43.8 42.1 43.2 43.4 43.5 0.1
Scenic and sightseeing transportation 19.3 25.9 24.4 22.9 26.4 29.7 29.6 30.8 1.2
Support activities for transportation 547.7 576.8 575.8 572.9 552.4 574.5 574.6 577.5 2.9
Couriers and messengers 525.5 547.4 618.3 517.4 525.5 528.3 521.1 519.6 -1.5
Warehousing and storage 636.4 660.6 662.5 647.6 642.5 648.4 652.5 652.9 0.4
Utilities 549.5 557.4 558.0 558.2 551.2 558.2 559.5 559.6 0.1
Information 2,653 2,656 2,658 2,606 2,678 2,644 2,645 2,632 -13
Publishing industries, except Internet 748.4 748.7 749.4 741.4 751.1 745.8 746.0 744.2 -1.8
Motion picture and sound recording industries 347.2 364.0 365.3 335.5 365.4 359.5 362.3 354.4 -7.9
Broadcasting, except Internet 284.0 281.4 281.1 278.5 284.7 279.0 279.7 279.0 -0.7
Telecommunications 885.6 852.0 851.9 846.8 886.7 850.3 847.7 847.4 -0.3
Data processing, hosting and related services 240.5 244.6 243.7 238.8 242.7 244.1 242.4 241.1 -1.3
Other information services 147.1 165.1 166.5 165.1 147.8 165.1 166.8 166.2 -0.6
Financial activities 7,618 7,690 7,709 7,644 7,666 7,691 7,695 7,690 -5
Finance and insurance 5,737.7 5,757.4 5,772.3 5,739.4 5,750.5 5,750.7 5,756.4 5,748.9 -7.5
Monetary authorities – central bank 18.9 19.2 18.8 18.8 19.0 19.2 18.9 18.9 0.0
Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)
2,556.5 2,566.5 2,577.9 2,563.1 2,559.5 2,563.4 2,568.8 2,563.6 -5.2
Depository credit intermediation(1) 1,731.6 1,741.6 1,748.0 1,741.7 1,733.3 1,742.0 1,744.8 1,742.1 -2.7
Commercial banking 1,309.7 1,316.0 1,321.0 1,316.5 1,310.2 1,316.9 1,318.7 1,316.7 -2.0
Securities, commodity contracts, investments 801.3 806.3 804.3 797.4 803.7 805.1 802.6 799.7 -2.9
Insurance carriers and related activities 2,274.5 2,281.4 2,286.7 2,276.2 2,281.7 2,278.9 2,281.6 2,282.7 1.1
Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles 86.5 84.0 84.6 83.9 86.6 84.1 84.5 84.0 -0.5
Real estate and rental and leasing 1,880.1 1,933.0 1,936.4 1,904.9 1,915.2 1,940.6 1,939.0 1,940.6 1.6
Real estate 1,369.1 1,405.2 1,410.3 1,390.4 1,391.6 1,408.9 1,409.6 1,413.1 3.5
Rental and leasing services 487.0 503.5 501.7 490.7 499.4 507.4 505.2 503.6 -1.6
Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets 24.0 24.3 24.4 23.8 24.2 24.3 24.2 23.9 -0.3
Professional and business services 16,706 17,676 17,691 17,314 17,055 17,521 17,584 17,654 70
Professional and technical services(1) 7,559.4 7,777.6 7,859.3 7,879.1 7,534.6 7,787.1 7,816.2 7,846.5 30.3
Legal services 1,108.5 1,117.9 1,119.2 1,109.1 1,116.5 1,116.7 1,115.6 1,116.6 1.0
Accounting and bookkeeping services 972.7 890.0 966.3 1,077.5 877.7 943.6 960.9 973.4 12.5
Architectural and engineering services 1,258.9 1,307.3 1,302.7 1,289.4 1,277.8 1,301.9 1,302.4 1,309.3 6.9
Computer systems design and related services 1,487.2 1,563.4 1,564.6 1,553.5 1,493.0 1,553.1 1,557.6 1,559.3 1.7
Management and technical consulting services 1,021.3 1,105.3 1,113.5 1,088.3 1,033.9 1,092.7 1,098.6 1,101.6 3.0
Management of companies and enterprises 1,886.9 1,929.1 1,939.2 1,928.9 1,894.3 1,928.3 1,933.1 1,936.2 3.1
Administrative and waste services 7,259.8 7,969.5 7,892.3 7,505.8 7,625.8 7,806.0 7,835.0 7,871.7 36.7
Administrative and support services(1) 6,904.9 7,601.7 7,527.0 7,141.6 7,264.4 7,439.1 7,467.2 7,500.9 33.7
Employment services(1) 2,708.6 3,137.6 3,157.7 2,901.5 2,878.2 3,014.1 3,035.9 3,069.1 33.2
Temporary help services 2,105.5 2,491.2 2,505.3 2,268.9 2,245.5 2,377.6 2,385.9 2,406.0 20.1
Business support services 810.4 830.6 838.5 820.5 811.1 814.4 820.1 820.0 -0.1
Services to buildings and dwellings 1,612.0 1,798.5 1,702.5 1,619.5 1,777.3 1,784.1 1,781.5 1,785.5 4.0
Waste management and remediation services 354.9 367.8 365.3 364.2 361.4 366.9 367.8 370.8 3.0
Education and health services 19,580 20,290 20,233 19,986 19,696 20,046 20,074 20,110 36
Educational services 3,128.0 3,460.5 3,394.3 3,209.6 3,207.1 3,275.3 3,281.6 3,287.2 5.6
Health care and social assistance 16,451.5 16,829.1 16,838.3 16,776.8 16,488.9 16,770.8 16,792.8 16,822.5 29.7
Health care(3) 13,858.8 14,195.0 14,203.8 14,164.5 13,898.2 14,162.2 14,179.8 14,210.7 30.9
Ambulatory health care services(1) 6,028.0 6,243.7 6,245.5 6,214.7 6,051.5 6,222.8 6,230.3 6,243.2 12.9
Offices of physicians 2,320.5 2,395.5 2,400.2 2,384.1 2,324.7 2,386.6 2,386.9 2,389.6 2.7
Outpatient care centers 611.0 637.5 639.4 640.9 612.2 635.8 637.4 641.9 4.5
Home health care services 1,108.6 1,159.8 1,159.3 1,151.2 1,115.0 1,154.3 1,157.7 1,159.6 1.9
Hospitals 4,687.3 4,770.8 4,779.4 4,783.1 4,693.1 4,765.2 4,776.0 4,788.7 12.7
Nursing and residential care facilities(1) 3,143.5 3,180.5 3,178.9 3,166.7 3,153.6 3,174.2 3,173.5 3,178.8 5.3
Nursing care facilities 1,665.3 1,666.0 1,663.7 1,658.6 1,669.5 1,661.0 1,660.7 1,663.4 2.7
Social assistance(1) 2,592.7 2,634.1 2,634.5 2,612.3 2,590.7 2,608.6 2,613.0 2,611.8 -1.2
Child day care services 858.4 857.0 854.8 844.3 849.1 839.5 840.7 835.9 -4.8
Leisure and hospitality 12,477 13,179 13,110 12,821 13,138 13,436 13,455 13,499 44
Arts, entertainment, and recreation 1,665.2 1,761.6 1,745.8 1,696.9 1,891.3 1,910.7 1,908.9 1,923.8 14.9
Performing arts and spectator sports 349.9 382.7 372.4 356.4 394.2 397.9 391.6 399.6 8.0
Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks 116.5 129.0 128.0 122.9 128.9 134.3 135.4 135.6 0.2
Amusements, gambling, and recreation 1,198.8 1,249.9 1,245.4 1,217.6 1,368.2 1,378.5 1,381.9 1,388.6 6.7
Accommodation and food services 10,811.4 11,417.4 11,364.0 11,123.9 11,246.2 11,525.4 11,546.3 11,575.2 28.9
Accommodation 1,679.3 1,745.7 1,735.2 1,701.0 1,771.1 1,799.9 1,800.7 1,796.8 -3.9
Food services and drinking places 9,132.1 9,671.7 9,628.8 9,422.9 9,475.1 9,725.5 9,745.6 9,778.4 32.8
Other services 5,255 5,339 5,334 5,290 5,332 5,353 5,358 5,365 7
Repair and maintenance 1,135.3 1,162.0 1,156.3 1,148.4 1,153.9 1,166.0 1,165.8 1,167.1 1.3
Personal and laundry services 1,249.5 1,284.5 1,288.7 1,268.4 1,270.0 1,288.6 1,291.0 1,289.3 -1.7
Membership associations and organizations 2,870.0 2,892.9 2,889.0 2,872.8 2,907.9 2,898.7 2,901.4 2,908.2 6.8
Government 22,128 22,480 22,338 21,860 22,249 22,004 21,987 21,973 -14
Federal 2,851.0 2,830.0 2,834.0 2,809.0 2,873.0 2,839.0 2,835.0 2,829.0 -6.0
Federal, except U.S. Postal Service 2,206.1 2,211.0 2,211.7 2,190.6 2,227.5 2,218.3 2,216.6 2,210.4 -6.2
U.S. Postal Service 644.4 618.5 622.1 618.6 645.1 620.3 618.7 618.1 -0.6
State government 5,037.0 5,233.0 5,159.0 4,968.0 5,125.0 5,056.0 5,051.0 5,054.0 3.0
State government education 2,311.2 2,570.9 2,494.1 2,303.9 2,387.2 2,383.0 2,378.1 2,381.1 3.0
State government, excluding education 2,726.2 2,662.1 2,664.4 2,663.8 2,737.4 2,673.2 2,672.8 2,672.7 -0.1
Local government 14,240.0 14,417.0 14,345.0 14,083.0 14,251.0 14,109.0 14,101.0 14,090.0 -11.0
Local government education 8,055.3 8,210.7 8,176.0 7,953.5 7,948.8 7,858.1 7,853.0 7,843.4 -9.6
Local government, excluding education 6,184.4 6,206.0 6,169.2 6,129.3 6,302.5 6,251.2 6,247.6 6,246.1 -1.5
Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private 34.3 34.4 34.5 34.5
Goods-producing 39.8 39.9 40.2 40.4
Mining and logging 44.9 44.3 45.2 45.7
Construction 37.7 38.1 38.4 38.5
Manufacturing 40.4 40.4 40.6 40.9
Durable goods 40.7 40.8 41.0 41.3
Nondurable goods 40.0 39.9 40.0 40.2
Private service-providing 33.2 33.3 33.4 33.4
Trade, transportation, and utilities 34.6 34.6 34.7 34.7
Wholesale trade 38.5 38.8 38.8 38.8
Retail trade 31.6 31.7 31.9 31.8
Transportation and warehousing 38.8 38.4 38.4 38.6
Utilities 41.7 41.7 41.1 41.5
Information 36.6 36.8 36.7 36.7
Financial activities 37.1 37.4 37.4 37.5
Professional and business services 35.7 35.8 35.8 35.8
Education and health services 32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8
Leisure and hospitality 25.8 26.1 26.1 26.1
Other services 31.6 31.7 31.6 31.6
AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4
Durable goods 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.4
Nondurable goods 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3
Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Total private $22.86 $23.23 $23.25 $23.29 $784.10 $799.11 $802.13 $803.51
Goods-producing 24.34 24.48 24.57 24.56 968.73 976.75 987.71 992.22
Mining and logging 27.89 28.24 28.38 28.20 1,252.26 1,251.03 1,282.78 1,288.74
Construction 25.39 25.43 25.44 25.42 957.20 968.88 976.90 978.67
Manufacturing 23.63 23.78 23.89 23.90 954.65 960.71 969.93 977.51
Durable goods 25.19 25.26 25.30 25.30 1,025.23 1,030.61 1,037.30 1,044.89
Nondurable goods 21.08 21.28 21.49 21.50 843.20 849.07 859.60 864.30
Private service-providing 22.51 22.93 22.94 22.98 747.33 763.57 766.20 767.53
Trade, transportation, and utilities 19.82 20.21 20.22 20.23 685.77 699.27 701.63 701.98
Wholesale trade 26.24 26.53 26.50 26.47 1,010.24 1,029.36 1,028.20 1,027.04
Retail trade 15.71 16.02 16.03 16.06 496.44 507.83 511.36 510.71
Transportation and warehousing 21.22 21.89 22.03 21.96 823.34 840.58 845.95 847.66
Utilities 33.21 33.74 33.73 33.69 1,384.86 1,406.96 1,386.30 1,398.14
Information 31.34 31.53 31.64 31.55 1,147.04 1,160.30 1,161.19 1,157.89
Financial activities 27.56 28.27 28.30 28.46 1,022.48 1,057.30 1,058.42 1,067.25
Professional and business services 27.44 27.95 27.90 27.90 979.61 1,000.61 998.82 998.82
Education and health services 23.34 23.89 23.90 24.04 763.22 783.59 783.92 788.51
Leisure and hospitality 13.17 13.31 13.32 13.29 339.79 347.39 347.65 346.87
Other services 20.36 20.61 20.65 20.65 643.38 653.34 652.54 652.54
Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

[2007=100]

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 – Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 – Jan.
2012(p)
Total private 93.0 94.8 95.3 95.5 0.2 101.4 105.0 105.6 106.0 0.4
Goods-producing 80.8 82.3 83.3 84.1 1.0 88.9 91.1 92.5 93.3 0.9
Mining and logging 104.1 113.3 116.7 119.5 2.4 116.6 128.5 133.0 135.3 1.7
Construction 70.9 72.5 73.5 73.9 0.5 78.2 80.1 81.2 81.7 0.6
Manufacturing 84.5 85.6 86.3 87.3 1.2 92.9 94.7 95.9 97.0 1.1
Durable goods 82.2 84.2 85.0 86.1 1.3 92.0 94.5 95.5 96.8 1.4
Nondurable goods 88.9 88.6 88.8 89.4 0.7 95.1 95.7 96.8 97.5 0.7
Private service-providing 96.4 98.2 98.7 98.9 0.2 105.1 109.1 109.7 110.1 0.4
Trade, transportation, and utilities 93.4 94.7 95.0 95.2 0.2 99.6 103.0 103.4 103.6 0.2
Wholesale trade 92.1 94.0 94.3 94.5 0.2 100.9 104.1 104.3 104.4 0.1
Retail trade 93.4 94.8 95.5 95.2 -0.3 97.0 100.4 101.2 101.1 -0.1
Transportation and warehousing 94.1 94.9 95.0 95.8 0.8 101.3 105.4 106.2 106.8 0.6
Utilities 99.4 100.7 99.5 100.5 1.0 109.1 112.3 110.9 111.8 0.8
Information 89.5 88.9 88.7 88.2 -0.6 99.9 99.8 99.9 99.1 -0.8
Financial activities 93.7 94.8 94.8 95.0 0.2 100.8 104.6 104.8 105.6 0.8
Professional and business services 95.8 98.7 99.0 99.4 0.4 106.5 111.7 111.9 112.4 0.4
Education and health services 104.9 107.0 107.2 107.4 0.2 114.6 119.8 120.0 120.9 0.8
Leisure and hospitality 96.7 100.1 100.2 100.5 0.3 102.8 107.4 107.7 107.8 0.1
Other services 93.4 94.0 93.8 93.9 0.1 107.9 110.0 109.9 110.1 0.2
Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Total nonfarm 64,681 65,138 65,210 65,305 49.6 49.4 49.3 49.3
Total private 52,056 52,626 52,708 52,810 48.1 47.9 47.8 47.8
Goods-producing 4,065 4,045 4,048 4,065 22.8 22.3 22.3 22.3
Mining and logging 101 108 110 112 13.7 13.3 13.4 13.5
Construction 709 707 710 710 13.0 12.8 12.8 12.7
Manufacturing 3,255 3,230 3,228 3,243 28.0 27.4 27.3 27.3
Durable goods 1,720 1,709 1,715 1,722 24.0 23.3 23.3 23.2
Nondurable goods 1,535 1,521 1,513 1,521 34.5 34.2 34.0 34.1
Private service-providing 47,991 48,581 48,660 48,745 53.1 52.9 52.9 52.9
Trade, transportation, and utilities 10,007 10,038 10,047 10,065 40.3 39.9 39.9 39.9
Wholesale trade 1,646.6 1,674.3 1,678.5 1,680.3 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.1
Retail trade 7,225.1 7,220.1 7,223.5 7,234.2 49.7 49.0 49.0 49.1
Transportation and warehousing 1,000.7 1,007.4 1,007.3 1,011.8 23.6 23.3 23.3 23.3
Utilities 134.9 136.0 137.4 138.3 24.5 24.4 24.6 24.7
Information 1,088 1,071 1,068 1,065 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.5
Financial activities 4,490 4,473 4,481 4,477 58.6 58.2 58.2 58.2
Professional and business services 7,565 7,784 7,814 7,840 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4
Education and health services 15,164 15,383 15,402 15,420 77.0 76.7 76.7 76.7
Leisure and hospitality 6,861 7,013 7,024 7,052 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2
Other services 2,816 2,819 2,824 2,826 52.8 52.7 52.7 52.7
Government 12,625 12,512 12,502 12,495 56.7 56.9 56.9 56.9
Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

[In thousands]

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Total private 89,179 90,742 90,929 91,174
Goods-producing 12,826 13,047 13,117 13,188
Mining and logging 553 614 621 630
Construction 4,134 4,165 4,198 4,224
Manufacturing 8,139 8,268 8,298 8,334
Durable goods 4,902 5,035 5,060 5,093
Nondurable goods 3,237 3,233 3,238 3,241
Private service-providing 76,353 77,695 77,812 77,986
Trade, transportation, and utilities 21,002 21,340 21,364 21,393
Wholesale trade 4,391.2 4,459.0 4,477.2 4,494.7
Retail trade 12,525.3 12,712.1 12,714.3 12,717.5
Transportation and warehousing 3,647.2 3,724.4 3,726.5 3,735.6
Utilities 438.6 444.7 445.5 445.3
Information 2,153 2,124 2,126 2,116
Financial activities 5,885 5,896 5,903 5,906
Professional and business services 14,003 14,421 14,470 14,533
Education and health services 17,262 17,569 17,594 17,629
Leisure and hospitality 11,578 11,857 11,864 11,912
Other services 4,470 4,488 4,491 4,497
Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS
Total private 33.4 33.7 33.7 33.8
Goods-producing 40.2 40.9 41.2 41.3
Mining and logging 46.1 47.0 48.1 48.3
Construction 37.7 38.9 39.2 39.1
Manufacturing 41.1 41.5 41.6 41.9
Durable goods 41.5 41.9 42.1 42.3
Nondurable goods 40.4 40.8 40.9 41.2
Private service-providing 32.3 32.5 32.5 32.5
Trade, transportation, and utilities 33.5 33.8 33.8 33.9
Wholesale trade 38.3 38.6 38.7 38.6
Retail trade 30.4 30.7 30.7 30.8
Transportation and warehousing 37.5 37.8 37.7 37.8
Utilities 42.4 41.7 40.5 41.2
Information 36.4 36.2 36.0 36.1
Financial activities 36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7
Professional and business services 35.2 35.2 35.2 35.2
Education and health services 32.1 32.4 32.4 32.4
Leisure and hospitality 24.7 24.8 24.9 24.9
Other services 30.7 30.7 30.8 30.8
AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS
Manufacturing 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3
Durable goods 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4
Nondurable goods 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.1
Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Total private $19.33 $19.58 $19.60 $19.62 $645.62 $659.85 $660.52 $663.16
Goods-producing 20.53 20.73 20.80 20.80 825.31 847.86 856.96 859.04
Mining and logging 24.09 24.87 24.82 24.82 1,110.55 1,168.89 1,193.84 1,198.81
Construction 23.49 23.68 23.73 23.69 885.57 921.15 930.22 926.28
Manufacturing 18.88 18.98 19.06 19.08 775.97 787.67 792.90 799.45
Durable goods 20.10 20.15 20.13 20.15 834.15 844.29 847.47 852.35
Nondurable goods 16.99 17.11 17.34 17.35 686.40 698.09 709.21 714.82
Private service-providing 19.07 19.34 19.34 19.37 615.96 628.55 628.55 629.53
Trade, transportation, and utilities 17.05 17.26 17.25 17.30 571.18 583.39 583.05 586.47
Wholesale trade 21.92 22.00 21.98 22.06 839.54 849.20 850.63 851.52
Retail trade 13.40 13.69 13.67 13.70 407.36 420.28 419.67 421.96
Transportation and warehousing 19.43 19.55 19.62 19.67 728.63 738.99 739.67 743.53
Utilities 30.25 31.15 31.02 31.07 1,282.60 1,298.96 1,256.31 1,280.08
Information 26.35 26.76 26.83 26.78 959.14 968.71 965.88 966.76
Financial activities 21.79 22.20 22.28 22.34 793.16 810.30 815.45 819.88
Professional and business services 23.03 23.21 23.14 23.18 810.66 816.99 814.53 815.94
Education and health services 20.50 20.98 20.99 21.03 658.05 679.75 680.08 681.37
Leisure and hospitality 11.33 11.48 11.49 11.47 279.85 284.70 286.10 285.60
Other services 17.23 17.39 17.42 17.43 528.96 533.87 536.54 536.84
Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

 

[2002=100]

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 – Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 – Jan.
2012(p)
Total private 99.5 102.2 102.4 103.0 0.6 128.5 133.7 134.1 135.0 0.7
Goods-producing 78.8 81.5 82.6 83.2 0.7 99.1 103.5 105.2 106.0 0.8
Mining and logging 135.5 153.4 158.7 161.7 1.9 189.8 221.8 229.1 233.4 1.9
Construction 78.0 81.1 82.4 82.7 0.4 99.0 103.7 105.6 105.8 0.2
Manufacturing 76.8 78.8 79.2 80.2 1.3 94.8 97.8 98.8 100.0 1.2
Durable goods 76.5 79.3 80.1 81.0 1.1 95.9 99.7 100.6 101.9 1.3
Nondurable goods 77.1 77.7 78.0 78.7 0.9 92.5 94.0 95.6 96.5 0.9
Private service-providing 105.5 108.0 108.1 108.4 0.3 137.9 143.2 143.4 143.9 0.3
Trade, transportation, and utilities 98.1 100.6 100.7 101.1 0.4 119.3 123.8 123.9 124.8 0.7
Wholesale trade 99.0 101.4 102.0 102.2 0.2 127.9 131.4 132.1 132.8 0.5
Retail trade 96.4 98.8 98.8 99.1 0.3 110.7 115.9 115.8 116.4 0.5
Transportation and warehousing 103.0 106.0 105.8 106.3 0.5 126.9 131.4 131.6 132.6 0.8
Utilities 95.1 94.8 92.3 93.8 1.6 120.1 123.3 119.5 121.7 1.8
Information 89.4 87.8 87.4 87.2 -0.2 116.7 116.3 116.0 115.6 -0.3
Financial activities 102.5 103.0 103.4 103.7 0.3 138.1 141.4 142.4 143.3 0.6
Professional and business services 110.5 113.8 114.2 114.6 0.4 151.4 157.1 157.2 158.1 0.6
Education and health services 119.5 122.8 123.0 123.2 0.2 161.1 169.4 169.7 170.3 0.4
Leisure and hospitality 104.8 107.7 108.2 108.6 0.4 134.8 140.4 141.2 141.5 0.2
Other services 96.2 96.6 97.0 97.1 0.1 120.8 122.4 123.1 123.4 0.2
Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month’s estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary
NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.

Last Modified Date: February 03, 2012